Read Deepwater Group's Submission to the Environment Select Committee on Seamounts and Bottom Trawling.

1 September 2021

Deepwater Group submits that the management of New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) environment by the Government and the deepwater seafood industry in a global context is not only comprehensive but is also recognised internationally as being second to none.

Submission's cover page
Click the image to read our submission to the Environment Select Committee.

All references from our Submission are listed below.

References

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Baird, S.J.; Mules, R. (2021). Extent of bottom contact by commercial trawling and dredging in New Zealand waters, 1989–90 to 2018–19. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report (in Press). [click here]

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Clark, M., Anderson, O., Dunkin, M., Mackay, K., Notman, P., Roux, M-J and Tracey, D. (2015). Assessment of orange roughy and oreo trawl footprint in relation to protected coral species distribution. A report prepared by NIWA for Deepwater Group Ltd. 57p. [click here]

Clark M.R., Bowden D.A., Rowden A.A., and Stewart, R. (2019). Little Evidence of Benthic Community Resilience to Bottom Trawling on Seamounts After 15 Years. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:63. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00063. [click here]

Clark, M.R., Mills, S., Leduc, D., Anderson, O.F. Rowden, A.A. (2019). Biodiversity of Benthic Protection Areas and Seamount Closure Areas: a description of available benthic invertebrate data, and a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of BPAs for biodiversity protection. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 227. 270 p. [click here]

Clark, M. (2021). Update on Seamount Database for Deepwater Group Ltd. NIWA Client Report 2021034WN prepared for Deepwater Group Ltd. 6 p. [click here]

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ICES. (2015b) Stock Annex. Orange Roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) in I, II, IIIa, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XII, XIV. March 2011 [online]. See pages 559-574 [click here

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MPI (2019) Map of New Zealand Commercial Trawl Grounds [click here]

New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority. (2015). Decision on Marine Consent Application: Chatham Rock Phosphate Limited. Application Ref: EEZ000006. 301 p. [click here]

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Pitcher, R. Williams, A. and Georgeson, L. (2019). Progress with investigating uncertainty in the habitat suitability model predictions and VME indicator taxa thresholds underpinning CMM 03-2019. Paper for SPRFMO SC7, SC7-DW21_rev1. [click here]

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Roux, M., Anderson, O., Tracey, D., MacKay, K., Notman, P., Wadhwa, S., & Dunkin, M. (2014) Summary information of Underwater Topographic Feature (UTF) habitat for orange roughy and associated trawl fisheries for orange roughy and oreo species. Part I. (MSC 2.4.1).Report Prepared for Deepwater Group Limited. December 2014.16p [click here

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Snelder, T.H.; Leathwick, J.R.; Dey, K.L.; Rowden, A.A.; Weatherhead, M.A.; Fenwick, G.D.; Francis, M.P.; Gorman, R.M.; Grieve, J.M.; Hadfield, M.G.; Hewitt, J.E.; Richardson, K.M.; Uddstrom, M.J.; Zeldis, J.R. (2007). Development of an ecologic marine classification in the New Zealand region. Environmental Management 39(1): 12–29. Somerfield, P.J.; Clarke, K.R.; Olsgard, F. (2002). A comparison. [click here]

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Spear, B. and Cannon, J. (2012). Benthic Protection Areas: Best Practices and Recommendations. Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Report. April 2012. 36p [click here]

Staudigel, H., Anthony A.P. Koppers, J. William Lavelle, Tony J. Pitcher, and Timothy M. Shank (2010) Defining the Word “Seamount.” Oceanography (BOX 1) 23:1 – 20. [click here]

Tingley, G. & Dunn, M., Eds. (2018). Global review of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus), their fisheries, biology and management. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 622. Rome. 128 pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. [click here]

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Tracey, D.; Baird, S.J.; Sanders, B.M. and Smith, M.H. (2011a). Distribution of protected corals in relation to fishing effort and assessment of accuracy of observer identification. NIWA Client Report No: WLG2011-33 prepared for Department of Conservation, Wellington. 74 p. [click here]

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Williams, A., Dowdney, J., Smith, A.D.M., Hobday, A.J., and Fuller, M. (2011). Evaluating impacts of fishing on benthic habitats: A risk assessment framework applied to Australian fisheries. Fisheries Research 112(3):154-167. [click here]

International Standardised Definitions: Seamounts and other UTFs

IHO-IOC (2019) B-6 Standardization of Undersea Feature Names (Edition 4.2.0 – October 2019) defines a Seamount at 2-12 [click here]

New Zealand Geographic Board (2016) Standard for undersea feature names: NZGBS 60000 (1 August 2016) [click here

USBGN (2005) Policies and Guidelines for the Standardization of Undersea Feature Names (Approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names Advisory Committee on Undersea Features 6 April 1999 with US BGN edits incorporated 19 July 2005 (Supersedes Guidelines approved 25 October 1978), p5. [click here]

The General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) https://www.gebco.net/data_and_products/undersea_feature_names/