Hoki (HOK)

HOK 1 East & West are certified sustainable through the Marine Stewardship Council Fisheries Standard. To view the supporting documents for the most recent MSC assessment, click here.

Hoki is one of New Zealand’s most commercially important deepwater fisheries. Hoki are caught by trawling within four main fishing regions off New Zealand’s South Island: on the Chatham Rise, Campbell Plateau, along the West Coast, and in Cook Strait.

Since 2001, the New Zealand hoki fisheries have been certified as meeting the very high seafood sustainability standards required by the Marine Stewardship Council, they were the first major whitefish fishery in the world to do so.

Common Name


Scientific Name

Macruronus novaezelandiae

Ministry Code


Quick Facts

  • Trawl fishery (found 200-600m)
  • Managed as two fish stocks: New Zealand’s eastern stock (HOK 1 East) and western stock (HOK 1 West)
  • DWG represents both stocks and 93% of the total quota
  • Benthopelagic meaning they are found on the seabed and water column above
  • Start breeding around 3-5 years old and live to ~25 years
  • First major whitefish fisheries to be certified sustainable by the internationally-recognised Marine Stewardship Council in 2001, and certified for a record fourth time in 2018 without conditions
  • Prime white fish with moist flaky flesh

* ‘Known distribution range’ provides an indication of where hoki are likely to be found based on all known records of hoki collected from research and commercial activities. They may be found elsewhere. ‘Main fishing grounds’ is based on the trawl footprint for the last ten years, only a fraction of this is trawled annually